District Profile

Location of Lahore City is bounded on the North and West by Sheikhupura district, on the east by India and on the south Kasur district River Ravi flows on the northern side of Lahore. Total land area of the city is 404 sq. Km. Altitude of the city lies between 31-15 and 31-45 North latitudes and 74-01 and 74-39 East longitude. Climate of Lahore city faces extremes climate, May, June, and July are hottest months. The minimum temperature varies between 39 C and 26 C respectively. While December, January and February are the coldest months. Languages spoken in the city are Punjabi, Urdu and English. Extravagant language, maybe, but admirers have always vied with each other to immortalize this Pearl of the Punjab.

Lahore is Queen of cities; others are like a golden ring, she the diamond. In the 12th century a poet imprisoned in Persia yearned for Lahore as for a woman: I want, some velvet form which emanates the fragrance of Lahore. For longing for Lahore heart and soul faint within me.

For ages Lahore has been a brilliant symbol of a gracious way of life. It had been the abode of great people, both in the spiritual as well as worldly realms. It has the imposing reflections of its Muslim builderswering ambitions and cosmopolitan tastes. The complex variety of Lahore which has grown form the wilderness, when Changez Khanordes destroyed its suburbs, to the 20 th century developments, is distinctive character of the city in various places and provides testimony to its cultural heritage. Lahore having been the seat of many imperial dynasties possesses interesting historical reminiscences. There is a fascinating and colorful panorama of extraordinary Mosques, Mausoleums, Fort, Gardens and the like. The grandeur of Lahore cannot be solely attributed to its buildings, gardens, monuments and other historical places. Rather it is its atmosphere and ambience, its moods of joy and sorrow, fairs and funs, pains and pleasures, and above all the colorful life of its people which actually render impetus to the spirit and sole of Lahore.

Ancient names of the city were Laohur, Lauhure, Lahvar, Lahur. Lahore was founded in 1021 A.D. Most important events in history of Lahore area are:

  • Counqourred by Mehmood al Ghaznavvi 1021 A.D
  • Provincial Capital of Ghaznavid Empire
  • Construction of Wall 1556-1605
  • Sikh rule 1767-184
  • Biritish Period upto 1947
  • Metropolitan o' the City 1987
  • Sanitation Cammittee was formed 1858
  • Municipal Committee was formed 1911
  • Municipal Corporation was formed 1940

Landmarks of the City

  • Minar-e Pakistan
  • Jahangir Tomb
  • Badshahi Mosque
  • Lahore Fort
  • Shalimar Garden
  • Mezar-e lqbal
  • Jinnah Haal

Sister Cities of Lahore

  • Dushanbe-Tajikistan
  • Xi'an-China
  • Istanbul-Turky
  • Kortrijk-Belgium
  • Cordoba-Spain
  • Fez-Morocco
  • Fresl1 California-U.S.A
  • Sarivvon-Korea
  • Paris-France
  • London-U.K

Salient Features

Salient features of Lahore are listed as below:

  • Historical Background
  • Architectural Heritage
  • Natural Resources
  • Industry

District Statistics

Tehsils 04
Union Councils 44
Villages 573
Total Area 3587 Sq Km
Road Net Work 1312 Km
Municipal Committees 05
Livestock     0.717 m
Major Occupations Civil, Arm. Services, Overseas & Farming
Literacy Rate 73 %

Industries

ICI Soda Ash 01
Pakistan Tobacco Company 01
Cement 02
Mari Petroleum 01
OGDCL 01
Brick Kilns 80
Flour Mills 16
Total 102                 

Land Statistics

Particulars Area

Cultivated Area

316815
  • Irrigated Area
33832
  • Rain fed
282983

Un-Cultivated Area

541952
  • Forest
110491
  • Culture able Waste
149971
  • Not available for cultivation
281490
Total Area 858767

Population

Male 5.824 m (52%)
Female 5.300 m (48%)
Total Population (Estimated) 11.126 m (2017 census)

Demography / Sectarian Profile

According to 2017 census:

Cast Percentage Numbers
Kamboh  5 0.55 Mn
Rajput  5 0.55 Mn
Miscellaneous  20 2.23 Mn
Kashmiris  30 3.33 Mn
Arain  40 4.45 Mn

Sectarian Profile

Sect Percentage Numbers
Minorities           5 0.55 Mn
Ahl e Tashi 10 1.11 Mn
Ahl e Hadith 10 1.11 Mn
Deobandi 25 2.78 Mn
 Barelvi 50 5.56 Mn

Electoral Constituencies

National      14
Provincial     40 

Educational Institutions

Total Schools 839
Total Colleges 12, (6 boys + 3 girls) + (3 Commerce)

Hospitals

DHQ Hospital 01
THQ Hospitals 02
RHCs  05
BHUs 47
Rural Dispensaries 23
MCH Centre 06
Civil Hospital Khewra 01
Total     85